Influences of Human Residence and Environmental Factors on Malaria Incidence in Korea

2013-09-12

Influences of Human Residence and Environmental Factors on Malaria Incidence in Korea

Sunyurp Park

Geography Education, Pusan National University

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

Since the reemergence of malaria in early 1990’s, the number of malaria cases has been undulating for the past 10 years in Korea. Considering the spatial variations of malaria incidence across the northmost border areas near the demilitarized zone (DMZ), the occurrence of the disease seems to be influenced by the natural and human environment in the region. Malaria is an infectious disease that is transmitted to humans by the bites of vector-mosquitoes that carry malaria parasites, and it depends on specific climatic and sociodemographic factors. This study found that the spatial characteristics of malaria incidence have varied depending on relative proportions of mosquito habitats, distance between mosquito habitats and human residence, and local topography using satellite-based land use data, demographic data, and digital elevation model.